Harold E. Nelson
14 Hill Avenue,
Newport, ME 04953
|At the University of New Brunswick,
formerly King's College, William Brydone Jack's observatory still
stands, along with a small stone pillar that he set, which forms the
meridian line. You can see an image of the pillar on the website
located at http://www.unb.ca/GGE/PhotoAlbum/1996/1996.html. Jack
determined the longitude difference between the Calais Meridian and the
Fredericton Meridian in 1857, with the assistance of the U. S. Coast
Survey. A short CBC news video on Jack, "Heaven and
Earth" was filmed in 1996.
Jack's mission was two fold. He was interested in meridian work to determine longitudes throughout the Maritime Provinces and Quebec. He was also in charge of establishing standards for Land Surveyors compasses and calibrating their "chains".
I have attached an image of the York
County Meridian north monument, which I shared with UNB as to what was
done in the town of Alfred, Maine for the first meridian established in
Maine for Land Surveyors to check their compasses.
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